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Hagia Sophia

Collection by Van Diemen's Land Steam Co.

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Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom) was built by Emperor Constantine in 360 but it partially burnt down in 404. Emperor Theodosius restored the building in 415. When it burnt down once again in 532, Emperor Justinian I had it rebuilt in stone. After 5 years of construction, Sophia was reopened to Christian worship in 537. After 1,100 years as a Christian cathedral, in 1453 Ottomans turned Sophia into a mosque by desecrating its exquisite mosaics. The West was able to restore a few of them in the 1930s.

Van Diemen's Land Steam Co.
Approximate reconstruction of how the Hagia Sophia appeared in the century before its conversion to a mosque. - MİKAEL PULAT - - Approximate reconstruction of how the Hagia Sophia appeared in the century before its conversion to a mosque. Architecture Byzantine, Historical Architecture, Art And Architecture, Cathedral Architecture, Hagia Sophia, Hagia Irene, Sainte Sophie, Art Roman, Christian World

Hagia Sophia and Domed Architecture

Hagia Sophia The name Hagia Sophia comes from the Greek Ἁγία Σοφία and means Holy Wisdom. The emperor Justinian gave two scientists - Isidorus and Anthemius - the task of designing Hagia Sophia (AD 532 - 537), which was to be the new cathedral of Constantinople. The two scientists started their design by dividing the square-shaped church into three rectangles: In the middle of the church, they built stone piers - which were set out in the form of a square. These piers were to support a brick…

The dome of Hagia Sophia is the most striking element in the structure. The first dome built by Anthemius & Isidorus. Byzantine Architecture, Historical Architecture, Art And Architecture, Beautiful Mosques, Beautiful Sites, Byzantine Art, Hagia Sophia, Istanbul

Dome of Hagia Sophia

The dome of Hagia Sophia is the most striking element in the structure. The first dome built by Anthemius & Isidorus.

The dome of Hagia Sophia is the most striking element in the structure. The first dome built by Anthemius & Isidorus. Byzantine Architecture, Historical Architecture, Beautiful Sites, Beautiful World, Constantine The Great, Rome Tours, Visit Istanbul, Heaven And Hell, Hagia Sophia

History of Hagia Sophia

Byzantine Period Byzantion was founded by a Greek colony-Byzas before it was conquered by a Roman Emperor . This little sea shore town -Byzantion flourished to a capital of the empire of Constantine the Great who reunited the West & East Rome under his rule and renamed the city as ‘’Constantinople’’. Constantine had been a pagan before he converted to the Christianity. After Constantine died, his successor Constantinus decided that Byzantine needed his own Pantheon. It was Hagia Sophia…

The dome of Hagia Sophia is the most striking element in the structure. The first dome built by Anthemius & Isidorus. Historic Architecture, Hagia Sophia, Byzantine, Mosque, Istanbul, Cathedral, Restoration, Stone, Monuments

Dome of Hagia Sophia

The dome of Hagia Sophia is the most striking element in the structure. The first dome built by Anthemius & Isidorus.

Century - Newly unearthed baptismal font at Hagia Sophia. - Ruberval Monteiro - - Century - Newly unearthed baptismal font at Hagia Sophia. Ottoman Turks, Hagia Sophia, Water Font, Modern Church, Church Architecture, Orthodox Christianity, Living Water, Sacred Art, Arquitetura

The newly unearthed baptismal font in the Hagia Sophia Museum is made of solid marble.

Situated in the apse of Hagia Sophia, the altar which indicates the qibla was used by imams who lead the prayers. This semicircular niche is ornamente. Hagia Sophia, Altar, Canopy, Cathedral, Crusaders, Romans, Candlesticks, Quran

Altar (Mihrab)

Reconstruction sketch of Altar – Hagia Sophia. The first altar of Hagia Sophia had a canopy which broke in 558 and replaced by a silver one. The altar and its canopy was looted by the Crusaders in 1204. However, while it was taken by the Venetians by a ship, the ship sank and the Holy Altar sank into the sea near the island of Marmara. It has never been recovered.

Situated in the apse of Hagia Sophia, the altar which indicates the qibla was used by imams who lead the prayers. This semicircular niche is ornamente. Hagia Sophia, Beautiful Sites, Islamic Architecture, Kirchen, Ciel, Altar, Barcelona Cathedral, Places Ive Been, Around The Worlds

Altar (Mihrab)

Situated in the apse of Hagia Sophia, the altar which indicates the qibla was used by imams who lead the prayers. This semicircular niche is ornamented with tiles and verses from Quran. Both sides of it are with two giant bronze candlesticks, brought from a cathedral in Buda druing the Hungarian Campaign of Suleyman the Magnificient. The first altar of Hagia Sophia had a canopy which broke in 558 and replaced by a silver one. The altar and its canopy was looted by the Crusaders in 1204…

Virgin and Child enthroned, oblique view in Hagia Sophia, Photographer Ernest Hawkins. Hagia Sophia, Byzantine Architecture, Art And Architecture, Meditation Prayer, Byzantine Art, Religious Images, Cathedral, Restoration

Virgin and Child enthroned, oblique view in Hagia Sophia, Photographer Ernest Hawkins.