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In Pictures: Hedy Lamarr
"Hedy Lamarr is said to have tipped the balance of WWII. Not only is she almost unbelievably beautiful, she was also exceedingly clever. She was the co-inventor of an early wireless form of communication; her invention allowed shortwave radio communications on the field. She gave the invention, for no compensation, to the US Government. the Germans did not yet have this capability."
10 Astounding Actions Earning A Medal of Honor - Listverse
Medal of Honor recipient, Cpl. Tony Stein WWII, deliberately stood upright from cover to draw enemy fire to him and away from pinned down marines, and to ascertain enemy locations, then charged them and killed 20 enemy soldiers before he ran out of ammunition. His weapon fired 100 rounds in 5 seconds.
World War II Resistance Heroine, Savior of Thousands, Dies at 98
During the violent months preceding the liberation of Paris, Wake killed a German guard with a single karate chop to the neck, executed a women who had been spying for the Germans, shot her way out of roadblocks and biked 70 hours through perilous Nazi checkpoints to deliver radio codes for the Allies. And she was a New Zealander. In spite of Hitler she lives to be 98.
Developed Whooping Cough vaccine. In 1893, when Pearl Kendrick was a three-year-old growing up in Wheaton, Illinois, she was struck with a case of whooping cough -also known as pertussis, named after the bacteria (Bordetella pertussis) that causes it. Four and one-half decades later, she developed the first effective vaccine against whooping cough.
Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev, born February 8, 1834, was a Russian chemist. He is famous for his formulation (1869) of the periodic law and the invention of the periodic table, a classification of the elements; with Lothar Meyer, who had independently reached similar conclusions, he was awarded the Davy medal in 1882. From his remarkable table Mendeleev predicted the properties of elements then unknown; three of these (gallium, scandium, and germanium) were later discovered.
Hannah Senesh was one of 37 Jews from Palestine who parachuted into Yugoslavia to save the Hungarian Jews who were about to be deported to Auschwitz. She was arrested at the Hungarian border, imprisoned, tortured, and eventually executed by a firing quad. Hannah never revealed the details of her mission. Her poem "Eli, Eli" is a very famous Hebrew song.
Oskar Schindler (28 April 1908 – 9 October 1974) was an ethnic German industrialist born in Moravia. He is credited with saving over 1,100 Jews during the Holocaust by employing them in his enamelware and ammunitions factories, which were located in what is now Poland and the Czech Republic respectively.
Resistance, Jewish Organizations in France: 1940-1944 | Jewish Women's Archive
From October 1943 onward, Marianne Cohen, (a member of the French Resistance), smuggled groups of children to Switzerland until she was arrested with a group of 28 of them in May 1944. The Jewish members of the underground planned to rescue her, but she refused, fearing her escape would endanger the children. The children were rescued, but Marianne was kidnapped by members of the special services from Lyon on July 3, 1944, severely tortured and murdered in Ville la Grand, near Annemasse.
10 People Who Saved Jews During World War Two - Listverse
Hugh O’Flaherty was an Irish Catholic priest who saved about 4,000 Allied soldiers and Jews in Rome during World War II. O’Flaherty used his status as a priest and his protection by the Vatican to conceal 4000 escapees – Allied soldiers and Jews – in flats, farms and convents.
: Oseola McCarty worked all her life cleaning other women's houses. She lived very frugally, and from her savings, donated $150,000 to the University of Southern Mississippi for scholarship. “I want to help somebody’s child go to college,” she said. “I’m giving it away so that the children won’t have to work so hard, like I did.”
SPY WEEK Famous Polish Spies - Krystyna Skarbek
Krystyna Skarbek (1915 – 1952) was a Polish Special Operations Executive (SOE) agent who became a legend in her own time for her daring exploits in intelligence and sabotage missions to Nazi-occupied Poland and France. She was a British agent just months before the SOE was founded in July 1940 and had been the longest serving of all British women agents during World War II. Because of her influence the SOE began to recruit increasing numbers of women agents into the organization.
Violette Szabo - “The Bravest of Us All”
Violette Szabo – “The Bravest of Us All”, an undercover secret agent for the SOE (Special Operations Executive) in Occupied France during World War Two. After completing two special missions, she was captured by the Germans and executed in 1945.