Educator and humanitarian Clara Barton helped distribute needed supplies to the Union Army during the Civil War and later founded the disaster relief organization, the American Red Cross. Read more about her efforts on womenshistory.org.
1. Florence Nightingale Founder of Modern Nursing (1820 to 1920) The history of modern nursing started in 1849, when Florence Nightingale began her first formal nursing training at the Institute of St. Vincent de Paul, in Alexandria, Egypt.
Here at Fairfax Station in early Sept. 1862, after the Second Battle of Manassas and the action near Chantilly, Clara Barton ministered to the suffering. (A historical marker located in Fairfax Station in Fairfax County, Virginia.)
Clarissa Harlowe "Clara" Barton c. 1866. Known as the "Angel of the Battlefield", she worked as a nurse on the front lines during the Civil War. During the Franco-Prussian War she helped with the preparation of military hospitals. She was awarded the Golden Cross of Baden and the Prussian Iron Cross. On 21 December 1881 she founded the American Red Cross.